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Версия для печати и копирования в MS Word
Установите соответствие между заголовками 1–8 и текстами A–G. Запишите свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании есть один лишний заголовок.
1. Water-related diseases
2. Personal measure
3. Ways of using
4. More than survival
5. Physical characteristics
6. Worrying statistics
7. Hard to get
8. Natural threats
A. Water is the most important resource for mankind. It is a condition for all life on our planet, a factor for any social and technological development, a possible source of welfare or misery, cooperation or conflict. 97 percent of it is undrinkable because it’s saltwater. Only 3 percent of the world’s water supply is fresh water, and 77 percent of that is frozen. Of the 23 percent that is not frozen, only a half a percent is available to supply everyone with all the water they need to survive.
B. Natural disasters like earthquakes, tornados, hurricanes and other types of incidents can disrupt drinking water and wastewater systems. Water consumers, water and wastewater utilities, and private well and septic owners should be informed on what to do in emergency. It is important to be prepared because drinking water and wastewater disruptions can directly threaten your health, the health of your family, and the health of your community.
C. Water security is about fighting poverty and hunger, and protecting the environment. It is about saving children from disease. It is about allowing girls to go to school instead of walking kilometers to fetch water. It is about providing women and men with access to sanitation, wherever they live. Fundamentally, it is about peace. When we talk about water security, we are really talking about human rights, human dignity, and the development of all societies.
D. Water is the only substance that occurs naturally as a solid (ice), a liquid and a gas (water vapor). It covers about 70 percent of the Earth for approximately 1,386 million cubic kilometers. In its purest form, it’s odorless, nearly colorless and tasteless. Water molecules are naturally attracted and stick to each other like magnets. This is the reason behind many of water’s special properties, such as the fact that it’s denser in its liquid state than in its solid state (ice floats on water).
E. You use water to clean yourself, your clothes, your dishes, your car and everything else around you. You can travel on it or jump in it to cool off on hot summer days. Many of the products that you use every day contain water or were manufactured using it. It seems pretty simple, and yet there are a lot of things about it that scientists still don’t fully understand.
F. Every day you lose water. For your body to function properly, you must replenish its water supply. So how much fluid does the average, healthy adult living in a temperate climate need? The Institute of Medicine determined that an adequate intake for men is roughly 3 liters a day. The intake for women is 2.2 liters a day. But in truth, your water needs depend on many factors, including your health, how active you are and where you live.
G. Around 1.1 billion people globally do not have access to clean water supply sources whereas 2.4 billion people do not have bathrooms with running water. About 2 million people die every year due to water-related diseases, most of them are children less than 5 years of age. The most affected are people in developing countries, living in extreme conditions of poverty.
Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски A–F частями предложений, обозначенными цифрами 1–7. Одна из частей в списке 1–7 — лишняя. Занесите цифры, обозначающие соответствующие части предложений, в таблицу.
A Young Mayor
This is a very unusual case, but as you will see, unusual doesn’t mean impossible.
An 18-year-old school girl has become the youngest mayor of a British town in history. Amanda Bracebridge, A _____________________, won leadership of Clun village council in a dramatic election last night. The tiny village only has 122 voters and Amanda won the election by just two votes from the only other candidate, 69-year-old Fred Gardner of the Conservative party. Amanda, B _____________________, was an independent candidate. She was surprised by her success, C _____________________. “My election promise was to make sure D _____________________,” she told us. She was referring to the plans from a large company to buy up farmland and build flats there. “We live in one of the most beautiful villages in Shropshire and I want to make sure it stays that way.”
Amanda, who is in her last year at nearby Bishop’s Castle High School, E _____________________ and her exams which she takes in two months. “It’s going to be a pretty busy few months,” she said. “But when the exams are over I will be able to concentrate completely on helping my village”.
Amanda had plans to go to university but is now going to start a year later F _____________________. “I’ve talked to Leeds University and they say my place will wait for me”. And what is she going to study? Politics? “No, actually, I am going to do sociology and economics”.
1. who is not a member of any political party
2. that our village would be protected from outside interests
3. but it was not a total shock to her
4. being a politics student at the university
5. so she can do her job as mayor properly
6. who is only just old enough to vote herself
7. will have to find time for her work as mayor
Which of the following was NOT the reason why Polina didn’t want to move to
1) She was afraid of doing badly at school.
2) She didn't want to part with her friends.
3) She was reluctant to change her lifestyle.
4) She was afraid of Texan climate.
In America, Polina's family lived
1) in an apartment in central Houston.
2) together with her aunt Katy’s family.
3) in a house in the outskirts of Houston.
4) on a cow farm in the desert.
Polina felt bad sitting at home because
1) she was bored and couldn't think of anything to do.
2) it was really hot in the house they lived in.
3) she was suffering from allergies.
4) that was how air-conditioning made her feel.
The cashier in the convenience store was
1) worried about Polina's health.
2) friendly and tried to make small talk with Polina.
3) wondering whether Polina had lost her cat.
4) trying to sell her an item she didn’t need.
Polina couldn't find her house because
1) she'd left the map of her neighborhood at home.
2) she didn’t know her street address.
3) she ended up in the wrong neighborhood.
4) the cashier in the store gave her the wrong directions.
Right before losing consciousness Polina thought about cows because
1) she was thirsty and was craving milk.
2) the cows were the last thing she’d seen before fainting.
3) the heat stroke she was suffering from made her hallucinate.
4) she thought that cows would have helped her find her home.
According to the nurse, people in Texas don’t go on walks because they
1) think it can be dangerous for their health.
2) are too lazy to walk.
3) are afraid of the criminal activity in the neighbourhood.
4) are too busy making money.
Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово ONE так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.
People who study the sun, moon, planets and stars are called astronomers. Cave people were some of the __________________astronomers.
Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово THEY так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.
They drew the different shapes of the moon on walls of __________________caves. Long ago, sailors studied the stars to help them travel. The ancient Greeks discovered many of the planets.
Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово NOT CHANGE так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.
Modern astronomers are much better equipped. But some of the questions that they ask themselves __________________, like, for example, whether there has ever been life on Mars.
Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово BUSY так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.
The Glessner home glowed as the family welcomed its guests on Christmas night. This was the __________________ and the most exciting day in the whole year!.
Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово REFLECT так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.
Candles flickered in the heavy silver candelabra. The warm light from the fireplaces __________________ in the richly waxed furniture.
Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово CALL так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.
During the party the guests talked of the amazing new buildings __________________ “skyscrapers” that were rising downtown. Yes, Chicago is a wonderful place to live, they all agreed.
Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово STAND так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.
Beyond Prairie Avenue, where the Glessner house was located, were the factories, the railroad yards and the slaughterhouses of a great industrial city. Beyond, too, were the neighborhoods where homeless, hungry people __________________ in line for food. For many, times were hard in December 1893.
Образуйте от слова AMERICA однокоренное слово так, чтобы оно грамматически и лексически соответствовало содержанию текста.
Today children love to buy pens and pencils which come in all shapes and colours in stationary shops. But in early
_______________ schools students used a quill pen and ink to write. Since these schools did not have many supplies, children often had to make their own ink at home.
Образуйте от слова CREATE однокоренное слово так, чтобы оно грамматически и лексически соответствовало содержанию текста.
There were many _______________ ways to make ink. One of the most common ways was to use berries such as
blackberries, cherries or strawberries, depending on the color of ink a student wanted.
Образуйте от слова WOOD однокоренное слово так, чтобы оно грамматически и лексически соответствовало содержанию текста.
Berries were gathered and then crushed with the help of a __________________ spoon. Their juice was strained into a bowl, after which salt and vinegar were added to it.
Образуйте от слова FINAL однокоренное слово так, чтобы оно грамматически и лексически соответствовало содержанию текста.
__________________, the juice was stored in a small jar with a tight-fitting lid.
Образуйте от слова COLOUR однокоренное слово так, чтобы оно грамматически и лексически соответствовало содержанию текста.
Bright and __________________ inks were not the only kinds of ink that students made.
Образуйте от слова VISIBLE однокоренное слово так, чтобы оно грамматически и лексически соответствовало содержанию текста.
They also made __________________ and glow-in-the-dark inks.
Вставьте пропущенное слово:
You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen-friend Mary who writes:
… I know you went to a museum with your class last week. How far was it from your school and how did you get there? What kind of a museum was it? Would you like to go there again, why?
We have two new classmates. They have just moved to our town …
Write a letter to Mary.
In your letter
− answer her questions
− ask 3 questions about her new classmates
Write 100–140 words.
Remember the rules of letter writing.
На следующей странице вам будет предложено проверить их самостоятельно.