Вариант № 107

При выполнении заданий с кратким ответом впишите в поле для ответа цифру, которая соответствует номеру правильного ответа, или число, слово, последовательность букв (слов) или цифр. Ответ следует записывать без пробелов и каких-либо дополнительных символов.

Если вариант задан учителем, вы можете вписать или загрузить в систему ответы к заданиям с развернутым ответом. Учитель увидит результаты выполнения заданий с кратким ответом и сможет оценить загруженные ответы к заданиям с развернутым ответом. Выставленные учителем баллы отобразятся в вашей статистике.

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Задание 1 № 4514

Установите соответствие между текстами A–G и заголовками 1–8. Запишите свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании один заголовок лишний.


1. Information and technology

2. Never put off till tomorrow

3. Don't forget to rest

4. Set realistic targets

5. Find a place to your liking

6. Write down and revise

7. More important at college

8. Study plans per week


A. Today’s young generation will also need to master a new skill – digital literacy. Digital literacy can be defined as “the ability to find, evaluate, utilize, share, and create content using information technologies and the Internet”. Digital literacy, by this definition, encompasses a wide range of skills, all of which are necessary to succeed in an increasingly digital world. Students who lack digital literacy skills may soon find themselves at a disadvantage. As technology changes, students also need to keep updated.

B. The key to becoming an effective student is learning how to study smarter, not harder. This becomes more and more true as you advance in your education. An hour or two of studying a day is usually sufficient to make it through high school with satisfactory grades, but when college arrives, there aren’t enough hours in the day to squeeze all your studying in if you don’t know how to make your study efficient without skipping sleep or meals. The vast majority of successful college students achieve their success by developing and applying effective study habits.

C. Ever find yourself up late at night expending more energy trying to keep your eyelids open than you are studying? If so, it’s time for a change. Successful students typically space their work out over shorter periods of time and rarely try to cram all of their studying into just one or two sessions. If you want to become a successful student, then you need to learn to be consistent in your studies and to have regular, yet shorter, study sessions, with periods of rest in between. That will give your brain time to process the new information.

D. Successful students schedule specific times throughout the week when they are going to study – and then they stick with their schedule. Students who study sporadically and whimsically typically do not perform as well as students who have a set study schedule. Сreating a weekly routine, where you set aside a period of time a few days a week, to review your courses will ensure you develop habits that will enable you to succeed in your education long term. You won’t get stressed or overwhelmed by portioning your workload.

E. It is very easy, and common, to put off your study session because of lack of interest in the subject, because you have other things you need to get done, or just because the assignment is hard and needs effort and perseverance. Successful students do not procrastinate studying. If you procrastinate your study session, your studying will become less effective and you may not get everything accomplished that you need to. Procrastination also leads to rushing, and rushing is the number one cause of errors.

F. Always make sure to take good notes in class. Before you start each study session, and before you start a particular assignment, review your notes thoroughly to make sure you know how to complete the assignment correctly. Reviewing before each study session will help you remember important subject matter learned during the day, and make sure your studying is targeted and effective. Successful students also look through what they have written down at their lectures and seminars during the week over the weekend.

G. Everyone gets distracted by something: TV, or maybe family. Some people actually study better with a little background noise. When you’re distracted while studying you lose your train of thought and are unable to focus – both of which will lead to very ineffective studying. Before you start, find a place where you won’t be disturbed. For some people this is a quiet cubical in the recesses of the library. For others it is in a common area where there is little background noise. For some it may be a park or a garden – there are so many options to choose from!





Задание 2 № 4515

Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски A–F частями предложений, обозначенными цифрами 1–7. Одна из частей в списке 1–7 — лишняя. Занесите цифры, обозначающие соответствующие части предложений, в таблицу.


Santa Claus


The man we know as Santa Claus has a history all to his own. Today, he is thought of mainly as the jolly man in red, but his story A_______________________ the 3rd century to a monk named St. Nicholas. It is believed that Nicholas was born sometime around 280 AD in modern-day Turkey. Much admired for his kindness, St. Nicholas B_______________________. It is said that he gave away all of his inherited wealth and traveled the countryside helping the poor and sick. Over the course of many years, Nicholas’s popularity spread and he became known as the protector of children and sailors. His feast day C_______________________ his death, December 6. This was traditionally considered a lucky day to make large purchases or to get married. By the Renaissance, St. Nicholas was the most popular saint in Europe.

St. Nicholas first D_______________________ at the end of the 18th century. The name Santa Claus evolved from a Dutch shortened form of Sint Nikolaas. As his popularity grew, Sinter Klaas was described as everything from a jocker with a blue three-cornered hat, red waistcoat, and yellow stockings to a man wearing a broad-brimmed hat and a huge pair of Flemish trousers.

In the 19th centuries big stores E_______________________ using images of the newly-popular Santa Claus. In 1841, thousands of children visited a Philadelphia shop to see a life-size Santa Claus model. It F_______________________ before stores began to attract children, and their parents, with the lure of a peek at the “real-life” Santa Claus with his famous white beard and red gown.



1. began to advertise Christmas shopping

2. became the subject of many legends

3. began dressing up unemployed men in

4. is celebrated on the anniversary of

5. was only a matter of time

6. stretches all the way back to

7. appeared in American popular culture


Часть предложения


Задание 3 № 4516

The author’s childhood dream was to …


1) enter a college.

2) leave the state she grew up in.

3) visit a college campus.

4) change her life.



Задание 4 № 4517

The pronoun They, as used throughout paragraph 3, refers to …


1) board members.

2) former students.

3) future graduates.

4) the author’s friends.



Задание 5 № 4518

Working in the Center for Advancement allowed the author to …


1) make a big difference in students’ lives.

2) make lots of new friends.

3) appreciate donors’ aid.

4) become more successful.



Задание 6 № 4519

Which of the following did the college donors NOT do?


1) Write for college publications.

2) Sponsor health treatment.

3) Communicate with students.

4) Attend college sport clubs.



Задание 7 № 4520

It is implied that the new auditorium supports an education program in …


1) arts.

2) architecture.

3) technology.

4) programming.



Задание 8 № 4521

It is implied that college teachers …


1) are paid regularly.

2) lack technology skills.

3) have relevant experience.

4) may be supported by private gifts.



Задание 9 № 4522

The major aim of the article is to …


1) explain what philanthropy really is.

2) pay tribute to the people supporting college.

3) show the author’s experience of philanthropy.

4) criticize how the donors’ money is spent.



Задание 10 № 3959

Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово «WE» так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.


The Thorn Birds

The Thorn Birds is a 1977 bestselling novel by the Australian author Colin McCullough. The story gives __________________ information about life on Australian sheep stations, but it also includes a dramatic love story.


Задание 11 № 3960

Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово BRING так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.


The book __________________ the writer international fame as soon as it was published.


Задание 12 № 3961

Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово STAR так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.


In 1983 it was adapted into a TV miniseries __________________ Richard Chamberlain and Rachel Ward.


Задание 13 № 3962

Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово LATE так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.


GPS functions

Car GPS Tracking appears a lot in new vehicles, offering drivers tracking and navigation. Yet, the __________________

inventions are even more modern and sophisticated, offering extra opportunities to people.


Задание 14 № 3963

Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово USE так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.


Smart box technology is one example of how car GPS tracking systems __________________ to lower car insurance.


Задание 15 № 3964

Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово NOT BREAK так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.


If the driver __________________ the rules, he gets a discount or an insurance premium.


Задание 16 № 3965

Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово BECOME так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.


Without doubt, this new technology __________________ popular among drivers very soon.


Задание 17 № 3966

Образуйте от слова POPULATE однокоренное слово так, чтобы оно грамматически и лексически соответствовало содержанию текста.



Auckland is the largest and most populous city in New Zealand. The __________________ of Auckland is getting close to 1.4 million residents.


Задание 18 № 3967

Образуйте от слова CONVENIENT однокоренное слово так, чтобы оно грамматически и лексически соответствовало содержанию текста.


It is __________________ situated in the North Island of the country, between the Waitakere Ranges and the Hauraki Gulf.


Задание 19 № 3968

Образуйте от слова COMPARE однокоренное слово так, чтобы оно грамматически и лексически соответствовало содержанию текста.


The city enjoys an oceanic climate, which is __________________ to the climate in most of Europe.


Задание 20 № 3969

Образуйте от слова APPOINT однокоренное слово так, чтобы оно грамматически и лексически соответствовало содержанию текста.


Nothing can __________________ you about Auckland, which is why it is a popular destination for numerous immigrants to New Zealand.


Задание 21 № 3970

Образуйте от слова FRIEND однокоренное слово так, чтобы оно грамматически и лексически соответствовало содержанию текста.


Expats have an overall good experience when staying in Auckland. Most expats find it very easy to communicate with the locals, who are very __________________.


Задание 22 № 3971

Образуйте от слова LOCATE однокоренное слово так, чтобы оно грамматически и лексически соответствовало содержанию текста.


Another positive thing about Auckland is the amount of nature and free space, which is appreciated a lot, especially by those coming from more densely inhabited __________________.


Задание 23 № 4536

Вставьте пропущенное слово:


1) thought

2) understood

3) mentioned

4) supposed



Задание 24 № 4537

Вставьте пропущенное слово:


1) out

2) down

3) over

4) up



Задание 25 № 4538

Вставьте пропущенное слово:


1) caught

2) kept

3) held

4) took



Задание 26 № 4539

Вставьте пропущенное слово:


1) part

2) side

3) hand

4) place



Задание 27 № 4540

Вставьте пропущенное слово:


1) from

2) for

3) into

4) to



Задание 28 № 4541

Вставьте пропущенное слово:


1) missed

2) failed

3) lacked

4) wished



Задание 29 № 4542

Вставьте пропущенное слово:


1) topic

2) object

3) theme

4) subject



Задание 30 № 4543

You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen-friend Nick who writes:


… My elder brother has just come back from Peru and brought lots of souvenirs. Most of them are quite useless. What kind of things do you consider nice souvenirs? Why do you think people buy souvenirs at all? What do you do with the ones you don’t like?

I have finished translating a book …


Write a letter to Nick.

In your letter

— answer his questions

— ask 3 questions about his translation

Write 100–140 words.

Remember the rules of letter writing.

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