Вариант № 108

При выполнении заданий с кратким ответом впишите в поле для ответа цифру, которая соответствует номеру правильного ответа, или число, слово, последовательность букв (слов) или цифр. Ответ следует записывать без пробелов и каких-либо дополнительных символов.

Если вариант задан учителем, вы можете вписать или загрузить в систему ответы к заданиям с развернутым ответом. Учитель увидит результаты выполнения заданий с кратким ответом и сможет оценить загруженные ответы к заданиям с развернутым ответом. Выставленные учителем баллы отобразятся в вашей статистике.

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Задание 1 № 3541

Установите соответствие между текстами A–G и заголовками 1–8. Запишите свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании один заголовок лишний.


1. Unhealthy eating habits

2. Correcting mother nature

3. The turning point

4. The solution

5. Simple lifestyles

6. Summer all year round

7. Unnatural lasts longer

8. A tricky question


A. Have you ever wondered where our food comes from? The obvious answer is that it comes from the supermarket. However, that still doesn't answer the question because nowadays, it can come from anywhere on the planet. In addition, we have no idea how some of the food products we buy, such as hot dogs or cookies, are made. For us, food is sometimes a mystery.

B. Long ago, things were not so mysterious. Our ancestors would have known exactly where their food had come from. When we were hunters and gatherers, we ate what we killed or gathered with our own hands. Later as farmers, we grew or raised the food that we ate. If we didn't grow it ourselves, it would have come from a nearby farm or at the furthest, a neighboring village.

C. Beginning in the late 15th century, during the development of trade with India and America everything changed. Explorers discovered exotic kinds of food such as potatoes, tomatoes, pumpkins and chocolate, and introduced them to Europe. Although they are common now, people back then were suspicious and even thought they might be poisonous. All of a sudden, what you were eating was not so obvious.

D. In recent times, technology and modern forms of transportation have changed things even more. Food can be shipped from one side of the planet to the other, and refrigeration means that we don't have to worry about things spoiling. As a result, the whole idea of seasonal fruits and vegetables has lost its meaning and it no longer seems strange to eat strawberries in winter. Exotic fruits have become common, and many people have no idea where they come from.

E. Advances in food science and chemistry have changed food even more. Processed foods such as cookies, cereal, spaghetti sauces and soft drinks are made in factories with chemicals. The reason this is done is to save money since natural ingredients cost much more than artificial ones. It's also done to increase the shelf life, meaning the time that the products can remain on the shelves of the supermarket without going bad.

F. Even if you avoid eating processed foods, you still can't be sure what you are eating. Farming practices have changed beyond recognition and farms are often run like a factory. Animals are injected with hormones to make them fat and fruits and vegetables are genetically modified to produce 'improved' versions. In addition, chemical fertilizers and pesticides are regularly sprayed on plants. The health effects of this are not yet known and have yet to be seen.

G. So what can you do? The main thing you can do is educate yourself so that you know exactly what you are eating. Read the labels carefully and know what chemical ingredients are harmful. Try to buy organic fruits and vegetables that are grown naturally or buy them from local farmers' markets. By being aware and selective of the food that we buy, we can be more certain of what we are eating, enjoy more delicious food, as well as make sure we are eating healthily.




Задание 2 № 3542

Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски A–F частями предложений, обозначенными цифрами 1–7. Одна из частей в списке 1–7 — лишняя. Занесите цифры, обозначающие соответствующие части предложений, в таблицу.


The Joy of Reading


Have you ever wondered why people read? Why reading is one of the few things A _________________ for thousands of years? Even before reading became available to the general public, stories were told around campfires, passed down

from generation to generation.

First of all, stories are a good way to escape from your ordinary life, to get immersed in another world, if only for a little time. While reading, you can imagine yourself in different situations B __________________, but in the moment that doesn’t matter. Whether you’re suffering from depression or are just bored, reading is a great distraction.

Similarly, another reason people are attracted to stories, is because they are lonely, very often they feel as if they are the only ones in the world C ___________________. Identifying with a fictional character can make a big difference in helping a person understand D ________________.

Other people read because it can be a good way to relax. It can be very nice to sit down and enjoy a good plot unfold, to watch the actions of fictional characters from the side, and to see the consequences of these actions,

E ______________.

Lastly, people read because it is the easiest way to gain knowledge in a certain area. Instead of finding a teacher, you can just find a book, sit down, and spend a few hours reading. This way you can study wherever you want, whenever you want F ________________.

There are countless books in the world, and whoever you are, whatever you’re feeling, there is definitely a book out there, just waiting for you to discover it.


1. try to avoid the boredom of life

2. that has consistently remained part of society

3. that they are not alone

4. going through something difficult

5. without having to bear any responsibility

6. that range from unlikely to impossible

7. at your own pace


Часть предложения


Задание 3 № 3340

What does the author like about summer holidays?


1) She works at a day camp.

2) She сan have a summer job.

3) She has no school.

4) She does not have to get up early.



Задание 4 № 3341

What is the author complaining about mentioning the landscapers?


1) The quality of their work.

2) The noise they make.

3) The plants they tend to.

4) The size of the yards.



Задание 5 № 3342

The phrase “does not have a green bone in her body” in paragraph 5 (“My mother does not have a green bone in her body”) is closest in meaning to …


1) is not good at gardening.

2) does not eat greens.

3) does not look after her garden.

4) hates planting flowers.



Задание 6 № 3343

Which is NOT true about the author’s place in Michigan?


1) Her mother did not like the garden.

2) The mowers worked on weekend mornings.

3) Owners had to hire landscapers.

4) Their yard was much more spacious.



Задание 7 № 3344

What does the author say about her independent adult life?


1) She misses her Michigan big yard.

2) She is glad to be living without a yard.

3) She suffers from the lack of sleep.

4) She forgets about checking her mailbox.



Задание 8 № 3345

Landscapers start their work early because …


1) it feels more comfortable.

2) it is better for watering the flowers.

3) they have a very packed schedule.

4) it’s a customers’ requirement.



Задание 9 № 3346

What would be the best solution to the problem, according to the author?


1) Invention of a soundless mower.

2) Special agreement with landscapers.

3) Houses without yards.

4) Student protests.



Задание 10 № 3303

Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово «BUILD» так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.


Souvenirs From the Past


The lands of southern England have always been associated with mystery. Pre-historic sites like Stonehenge are souvenirs from the past ______by civilizations we still know very little about.


Задание 11 № 3304

Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово BRING так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.


In 2009 an amazing discovery near a village called Damerham ______ to life a whole complex that archaeologists did not even know existed. At first scientists believed that they were crop circles.


Задание 12 № 3305

Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово CLOSELY так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.


When they investigated the circles _______ , they found that the circles had been cut into the land.


Задание 13 № 3306

Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово IT так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.


The circles existed 6,000 years ago, before Stonehenge ______ had been built.


Задание 14 № 3307

Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово MAKE так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.


Moab Mountain


Moab Mountain in Utah, the USA, is a breathtaking place to visit. Desert land and the canyons _______ of hard, red rock.


Задание 15 № 3308

Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово BECOME так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.


Moab is a popular venue for mountain biking, half marathons and Jeep Safari. In recent years, it _______ an unicycling playground too.


Задание 16 № 3309

Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово BE так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.


Around 150,000 riders come here throughout the year. If you _______ a cycling fan, Moab will provide you with a challenge.


Задание 17 № 3354

Образуйте от слова TRAVEL однокоренное слово так, чтобы оно грамматически и лексически соответствовало содержанию текста.




“Bath is the finest place on earth for you may enjoy it without getting tired”. These are the words of the 18th century __________________ James Boswell upon his first visit to the place.


Задание 18 № 3355

Образуйте от слова TRUE однокоренное слово так, чтобы оно грамматически и лексически соответствовало содержанию текста.


He was right, of course. This is a __________________ glorious Georgian city with its well-preserved Roman remains and famous baths.


Задание 19 № 3356

Образуйте от слова BUILD однокоренное слово так, чтобы оно грамматически и лексически соответствовало содержанию текста.


Bath is one of the easiest cities to explore with a compact centre of broad main streets lined with numerous historic __________________ and pretty shops.


Задание 20 № 3357

Образуйте от слова EXCITE однокоренное слово так, чтобы оно грамматически и лексически соответствовало содержанию текста.


Everything you could want to see is within walking distance but you can spend several days in Bath each day doing something different and something __________________.


Задание 21 № 3358

Образуйте от слова MYSTERY однокоренное слово так, чтобы оно грамматически и лексически соответствовало содержанию текста.


Don’t forget that nearby is the ancient and __________________ Stonehenge, a circle of enormous rocks on the edge of the Salisbury Plain.


Задание 22 № 3359

Образуйте от слова DIRECT однокоренное слово так, чтобы оно грамматически и лексически соответствовало содержанию текста.


Perhaps Bath and its surroundings have some greatest sights in Britain. A trip to this city or in any __________________ from it will lead you to a wonderful day.


Задание 23 № 3563

Вставьте пропущенное слово:


1) began

2) started

3) set

4) commenced



Задание 24 № 3564

Вставьте пропущенное слово:


1) At

2) Over

3) In

4) By



Задание 25 № 3565

Вставьте пропущенное слово:


1) speak

2) tell

3) talk

4) say



Задание 26 № 3566

Вставьте пропущенное слово:


1) out

2) over

3) off

4) up



Задание 27 № 3567

Вставьте пропущенное слово:


1) urged

2) made

3) insisted

4) suggested



Задание 28 № 3568

Вставьте пропущенное слово:


1) keeping

2) falling

3) failing

4) losing



Задание 29 № 3569

Вставьте пропущенное слово:


1) From

2) After

3) Since

4) Past



Задание 30 № 3570

You havе rеcеivеd a lеttеr from your English-speaking pen-friend Sophie who writes:


… Last week our science teacher took my class on a school trip to the Natural History Museum in Washington D.C. It was fantastic! Where do your teachers take you on school trips? How often do you go? What school trip was the most memorable and why?

By the way, my parrot has learned to say “Good morning!” every time the alarm clock goes off! It took me quite a while to teach it!



Write a letter to Sophie.

In your letter

- answer her questions

- ask 3 questions about Sophie’s parrot.

Write 100—140 words.

Remember the rules of letter writing.

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