При выполнении заданий с кратким ответом впишите в поле для ответа цифру, которая соответствует номеру правильного ответа, или число, слово, последовательность букв (слов) или цифр. Ответ следует записывать без пробелов и каких-либо дополнительных символов.
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Версия для печати и копирования в MS Word
Установите соответствие между текстами A–G и заголовками 1–8. Запишите свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании один заголовок лишний.
1. A shop that inspired writers
2. Country’s brave defenders
3. A truly international place
4. Governesses of rich children
5. Birth of a popular sport
6. Textile business links
7. A nice-sounding building
8. The initial steps of commerce
A. Moscow has always been a multicultural city. If we look back at its history, we will see that there were several foreign communities living in Moscow on a permanent basis. We all know about German people inhabiting the banks of the Yauza river, where little Peter, the future tsar of all Russia, ran around, made friends and got his first ideas of learning about ships and fleets. But what do we know about the British community of Moscow? Did it even exist?
B. The first ties between Russia and Britain were formed in the middle of the 16th century in the time of Ivan the Terrible. It was then that some wealthy British merchants founded the Muscovy Company which held a monopoly on trade between Britain and Russia until 1698. The building of its Moscow headquarters was granted to the company by the tsar in 1556 and can be still visited at 4, Varvarka Street, known to us now as The Old English Court.
C. Beginning from the time of Peter the Great, several talented British military men moved to Russia. Many of them served as army generals and navy admirals, defending Russian borders in different wars and battles. Among the most famous ones were Field Marshall James Bruce, Field Marshall Barclay de Tolly and Admiral Thomas Mackenzie, all of them of Scottish origin.
D. In the 18th century, British industrialists made themselves known in Russia. One of the most outstanding figures was Robert McGill, who lived in Moscow and served as an intermediary between Lancashire mill engineers and the Russian cotton industry, and built over 150 mills (cotton factories) in Russia. Robert McGill had a house in Spiridonovka Street and together with his wife Jane was a prominent member of the British community in Moscow.
E. If you talk to Moscow concert musicians who were active between the 1960s and the 1990s, they will tell you of the fantastic acoustics of the “Melodiya” recording studio at 8, Voznesensky Lane, which they lovingly called ‘kirche’, mistakenly thinking it was a German church. This building, designed in the English neo-gothic architectural style, was in fact built in 1885 by Robert McGill and is St. Andrew’s Anglican Church, which was used as a recording studio in Soviet times.
F. Another spectacular example of British architecture in Moscow is the old building of TsUM next to the Bolshoy and Maly theatres. Built in the early 1900s, it was back then the biggest department store in Moscow. It was owned by Scottish merchants Andrew Muir and Archie Mirrielees. Mayakovsky mentions Muir&Mirrielees in several of his poems, while Chekhov named his dogs after its two owners.
G. In 1887, two other cotton industrialists from Lancashire, Clement and Harry Charnock, moved to work at a cotton factory in Orekhovo-Zuevo, near Moscow. They were both great football fans and decided to introduce this game to the workers of the factory. This resulted in the first professional football team in Russia which after the Revolution became the core of Moscow Dynamo team.
Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски A–F частями предложений, обозначенными цифрами 1–7. Одна из частей в списке 1–7 — лишняя. Занесите цифры, обозначающие соответствующие части предложений, в таблицу.
Surviving in a Desert
A desert is defined as a place that gets less than 250 mm of rain each year. It differs sharply from the climate of a rain forest, A _________________.
Arid desert lands cover about one third of the earth’s surface. Most deserts are covered with sand, B __________________. There are also usually a lot of rocky areas. This combination of sand and rock means that the soil is not very fertile. C ___________________, some living things are able to do well in this setting. Many plants have changed and developed in ways D ________________. These changes have become apparent in a number of ways. Some plants are able to grow very quickly E ______________. They turn green and produce flowers within just a few days. Other desert plants simply stop growing in very dry weather. They appear to be dead, but when the rain returns, they come back to life and begin growing again.
Desert animals have also developed many characteristics that help them to survive in arid environment. Camels can go for a very long time without drinking. Other animals, such as snakes and rats, find cool places to sleep during the day and come out only at night. The extremely long ears of desert rabbits help them F ________________. Changes like these have allowed some animals and plants to grow and develop successfully in a very challenging ecological system: the desert.
There are countless books in the world, and whoever you are, whatever you’re feeling, there is definitely a book out there, just waiting for you to discover it.
1. which is often in the form of hills called sand dunes
2. whenever it rains
3. to find water as far as 25 metres away
4. which can receive up to 10,000 mm of rain annually
5. to better distribute their body heat and stay cool
6. even though the desert environment is very dry and hot
7. that help them to live in the desert
At the beginning of the article the author reminds that the new media technologies …
1) turn our attention off morals.
2) used to frighten the majority of people.
3) improve human brainpower.
4) could make people less intelligent.
What has life proved about electronic technologies according to the author?
1) Scientists can’t do without them.
2) They could increase the crime level.
3) They don’t disrupt brainwork.
4) Television influences intelligence.
According to the author, the arguments of the critics of new media make neuroscientists feel …
What does the example of Woody Allen’s reading of “War and Peace” illustrate?
1) Scientific research of brain supports critics of new media.
2) Technology hardly influences the way brain deals with information.
3) Experience with technology is significant for intellectual abilities.
4) Speed-reading programs improve information-processing.
The phrasal verb “takes on” in “Media critics write as if the brain takes on the qualities …” (paragraph 6) is closest in meaning to …
Which negative effect of information flood does the author recognise?
1) Inefficient access to data.
2) Lack of self-control.
3) Continuous distraction.
4) Shallow mindedness.
What idea is expressed in the last paragraph?
1) New media help us keep up with life.
2) Human knowledge is developing too fast.
3) New media are the result of collective brainwork.
4) There are different ways to manage knowledge.
Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово «GO» так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.
Melanie River had just turned ten years old, but she had never been to school.
Most children in the third grade _________ to school for two years. But Melanie was not most children.
Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово BAD так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.
She suffered from severe social anxiety. Attending a school with over 800 students was her ________ nightmare. But this year Melanie was determined that things were going to be different.
Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово BE так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.
She and her family had just moved to a smaller town. There were only about 200 students at the local elementary school. Her mother hoped that Melanie _________ able to control her emotions and finally have a few friends.
Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово ONE так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.
And so here Melanie was, on the way to school. And even though she felt as if her heart might explode out of chest, for the ___________ time in her life she was truly happy.
Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово DRIVE так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.
At some point of your life you’ve probably used the word panic. But have you ever wondered where it comes from?
Panic actually originates from a Greek myth. Pan, the Greek god of nature, had a strange power. When awakened from his sleep, he would cry out which __________the nearby animals into a state of terror.
Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово THEY так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.
Pan would also use this power on his enemies, driving some of _____________ mad.
Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово KNOW так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.
Among the Greeks this mental state ____________ as panic fear.
Образуйте от слова COMPETE однокоренное слово так, чтобы оно грамматически и лексически соответствовало содержанию текста.
The rodeo is a really exciting event. It is a thrilling __________________ between cowboys from all over the country.
Образуйте от слова PROFESSION однокоренное слово так, чтобы оно грамматически и лексически соответствовало содержанию текста.
It has a long tradition and even today there are rodeo schools which keep it alive and __________________.
Образуйте от слова VISIT однокоренное слово так, чтобы оно грамматически и лексически соответствовало содержанию текста.
The rodeo is a spectacular sight. If a __________________ has a place in the first row of the arena, he or she may even be sprinkled with sand by the passing horses.
Образуйте от слова PERFORM однокоренное слово так, чтобы оно грамматически и лексически соответствовало содержанию текста.
The __________________ usually starts with an opening ceremony by horsemen dressed in bright colours and carrying flags.
Образуйте от слова CONSTANT однокоренное слово так, чтобы оно грамматически и лексически соответствовало содержанию текста.
All through the show the master of the ceremony __________________ jokes with special clowns.
Образуйте от слова POSSIBLE однокоренное слово так, чтобы оно грамматически и лексически соответствовало содержанию текста.
A rodeo in Texas is certainly an exciting experience which is practically __________________ for a tourist to forget.
You havе rеcеivеd a lеttеr from your English-speaking pen-friend Stuart who writes:
… Last weekend my cousin taught me how to cook Indian food. It was great! I love Indian food! What national cuisine do you prefer and why? What are some of your favourite dishes? What can you cook?...
Guess what! I’m planning to go to a cooking camp for teenagers during the spring break…
Write a letter to Stuart.
In your letter
- answer her questions
- ask 3 questions about the cooking camp for teenagers.
Write 100—140 words.
Remember the rules of letter writing.
На следующей странице вам будет предложено проверить их самостоятельно.