При выполнении заданий с кратким ответом впишите в поле для ответа цифру, которая соответствует номеру правильного ответа, или число, слово, последовательность букв (слов) или цифр. Ответ следует записывать без пробелов и каких-либо дополнительных символов.
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Версия для печати и копирования в MS Word
Установите соответствие между текстами A–G и заголовками 1–8. Запишите свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании один заголовок лишний.
1. Building materials
2. The longest on Earth
3. Safe travel
4. Designing a building
5. Invented by accident
6. Comfortable living
7. How did they do it?
8. Why seasons change
A. Most of Africa’s rural peoples use natural resources that are locally available for their homes. In grasslands, people typically use grass to cover the walls and roofs. In forested areas, they use hardwoods as well as bamboo and raffia palm. Earth and clay are also major resources used in construction. In areas with few natural resources, people often live as nomads, moving from place to place. Instead of making permanent homes, they usually use simple shelters or tents made of animal skins and woven hair.
B. An architect must consider how a structure will be used and by whom. An apartment building, a palace, a hospital, a museum, an airport, and a sports arena all have different construction requirements. Another factor is the ideas the structure should communicate. For example, some buildings are made to impress people with a display of power and wealth; others — to make everyone feel welcome. Other things to consider are the location and surrounding environment, including weather, and the cost of materials.
C. Did you know that an eleven-year-old child first created the Popsicle? The boy’s name was Frank Epperson. In 1905, Frank left a mixture of water and powdered soda out on his porch by mistake. It also contained a stir stick. That night, fortunately for Frank, the temperatures fell to a record low. As a result, he discovered the substance had frozen to the stick, and a frozen fruit flavoured ice treat was created. He decided to call it the epsicle, which was later patented by him and named as Popsicle.
D. As Earth goes around the sun, the North Pole points to the same direction in space. For about six months every year, the North Pole is tilted towards the sun. During this time, the Northern Hemisphere gets more direct sunlight than the Southern Hemisphere and more hours of daylight. During the other six months, the North Pole is tilted away from the sun. When the Northern Hemisphere gets the most sunlight, it experiences spring and summer. At the same time, the Southern Hemisphere gets autumn and winter.
E. In southern Peru, there is an isolated plateau where the wind almost never blows. Here, around the year 400 to 650 AD, the people of the Nazca culture created the famous Nazca lines, by removing the red stones covering the ground so that the white earth beneath was visible. These Nazca lines are actually portraits of animals such as monkeys, birds or fish. It is a mystery how such a primitive civilization could create such artwork with precision when they had no means of viewing their work from the air.
F. Antarctica, which is the southernmost and fifth largest continent, does not have twenty-four-hour periods divided into days and nights. In the South Pole, the sun rises on about September 21 and moves in a circular path until it sets on about March 22. This “day”, or summer, is six months long. During this period, if the weather conditions are good, the sun can be seen twenty-four hours a day. From March 22 until September 21, the South Pole is dark, and Antarctica has its “night”, or winter.
G. Any ship that hits an iceberg can be damaged. The most famous iceberg in history sank the “Titanic”, a ship travelling in the northern Atlantic Ocean, on April 15, 1912. The ship’s side scraped the iceberg, which tore holes in the hull. Within three hours, the ship was at the bottom of the ocean. After the loss of the “Titanic”, several nations worked together to establish the International Ice Patrol. Today the U.S. Coast Guard runs the patrol, which warns ships about icebergs floating in Atlantic shipping routes.
Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски A–F частями предложений, обозначенными цифрами 1–7. Одна из частей в списке 1–7 — лишняя. Занесите цифры, обозначающие соответствующие части предложений, в таблицу.
Russia is famous for its diversity, as well as its hospitality. The best way to show Russia to someone is to bring home something special. Matryoshka and balalaika are quite stereotypical presents. There are many other goods A_______________________.
Woolen shawls have always been popular in Russia because of cold winters. The shawls made in Pavlovsky Posad, B_______________________, are considered to be a traditional Russian gift. Woolen shawls and scarves have been made there since 1795. A wide shawl with a beautiful original pattern on it may be used like a blanket. It is nice to cover oneself up with it sitting in the armchair, watching a movie, C_______________________. The Pavlovsky Posad manufacture produces scarves for men as well. They can be bought through the Internet, or in brand stores, D_______________________.
Belyovskaya pastila is a souvenir E_______________________. It has been made since the 19th century in the town of Belyov near Tula. This is a very special kind of Russian confection. Though it is called “pastila”, it is not a marshmallow style delicacy. Belyovskaya pastila is made of dried apples. After they have been dried, they are mixed with egg whites and sugar and whipped. Belyovskaya pastila is similar to a cake, F_______________________ of apples. It is considered to be a natural product, and it is not of average price. Tourists can buy this kind of sweet at some confectioner’s shops throughout Moscow.
1. that one may buy in Moscow as a souvenir
2. which are situated in the centre of Moscow
3. that pleases the people with a sweet tooth
4. although it has a slightly sour taste
5. which is a town not very far from Moscow
6. riding a bike around the villages in Russia
7. reading a book, or drinking coffee or tea
According to the author, in her childhood she used to ...
1) watch TV a lot.
2) call her mother every half an hour.
3) go to the mall with her family.
4) do the shopping with her friends.
Which of the following does Athena do monthly?
1) Goes to the mall with her family.
2) Uses the Snapchat.
3) Invites friends to her place.
4) Changes her iPhone.
For Athena’s peers spending time alone in their rooms seems ...
Which of the following is NOT true about iGen teenagers, according to the author?
1) Most of them feel extremely unhappy.
2) It is easy to hurt them psychologically.
3) They prefer loneliness to company.
4) They have more physical health problems.
That in “I know my parents’ generation didn’t do that” (paragraph 5) refers to ...
1) being glued to their phones.
2) behaving in a mean way.
3) listening attentively to friends.
4) discussing their problems.
The fact that Athena threw away her friend’s phone proves that ...
1) smartphones can cause mental health problems.
2) teenagers know the problems caused by phones.
3) smartphones make teenagers more aggressive.
4) her friend thought she was doing the right thing.
What does the author suggest in her article?
1) Phone use by young people should be limited.
2) Smartphones cause violent behavior.
3) Smartphones are not safe.
4) There are good and bad sides in using smartphones.
Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово «BE» так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.
Alex’s mother was waiting impatiently for Alex to come home from school. “There you are!” she cried when he opened
the door. She anxiously asked him where he __________________. “I missed the bus and had to walk here,” Alex replied.
Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово SUPPOSE так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.
“You have an orthodontist appointment today,” Alex’s mother said. “That means you __________________ to leave school
early,” she continued.
Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово I так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.
“I’ll be very happy when I no longer have to wear my braces,” Alex said. “__________________ too,” his mother replied
Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово ONE так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.
For her summer vacation Sarah went to Hawaii with her family.
It was the __________________ time in her life, when she could go to the beach every day.
Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово SWIM так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.
She learnt how to snorkel and saw lots of pretty fish in the ocean around her. One day she even saw a sea turtle while she __________________.
Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово HAPPEN так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.
Sarah’s favourite part of the trip _____________ on the last night. She and her family went to a special dinner and a show called luau.
Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово GOOD так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.
What a treat! Sarah had the __________________ summer vacation ever!
Образуйте от слова PARTNER однокоренное слово так, чтобы оно грамматически и лексически соответствовало содержанию текста.
The State Hermitage Museum in St. Petersburg is one of the most well-known art museums both in Russia and around the world. But it is not only its exhibits that it is known for. For the longest time in its history the museum has had a productive __________________ with a much loved animal: the cat.
Образуйте от слова FAME однокоренное слово так, чтобы оно грамматически и лексически соответствовало содержанию текста.
For centuries, cats have guarded this ___________________ museum, ridding it of mice, rats, and other rodents that could damage the art. Peter the Great introduced the first cat to the Hermitage in the early 18th century.
Образуйте от слова OFFICE однокоренное слово так, чтобы оно грамматически и лексически соответствовало содержанию текста.
Later Catherine the Great declared the cats to be __________________ guardians of the galleries.
Образуйте от слова YEAR однокоренное слово так, чтобы оно грамматически и лексически соответствовало содержанию текста.
Today, the museum holds a __________________ festival honoring these faithful workers.
Образуйте от слова COLLECT однокоренное слово так, чтобы оно грамматически и лексически соответствовало содержанию текста.
When a fire broke out in the museum in September 2017, it wasn’t so much the fate of its magnificent art __________________ that worried people.
Образуйте от слова HARMED однокоренное слово так, чтобы оно грамматически и лексически соответствовало содержанию текста.
Luckily, the Hermitage cats survived the fire practically __________________!
Вставьте пропущенное слово:
You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen-friend Peter who writes:
… Reading books is my favourite pastime. Is reading important to you? Why? How do you like to spend your leisure time? What is your parents’ attitude to your hobbies and interests?
Yesterday was my father’s birthday …
Write a letter to Peter.
In your letter:
— answer his questions
— ask 3 questions about his father’s birthday.
Write 100–140 words.
Remember the rules of letter writing.
На следующей странице вам будет предложено проверить их самостоятельно.