Вариант № 115

При выполнении заданий с кратким ответом впишите в поле для ответа цифру, которая соответствует номеру правильного ответа, или число, слово, последовательность букв (слов) или цифр. Ответ следует записывать без пробелов и каких-либо дополнительных символов.

Если вариант задан учителем, вы можете вписать или загрузить в систему ответы к заданиям с развернутым ответом. Учитель увидит результаты выполнения заданий с кратким ответом и сможет оценить загруженные ответы к заданиям с развернутым ответом. Выставленные учителем баллы отобразятся в вашей статистике.

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Задание 1 № 2431

Установите соответствие между заголовками 1–8 и текстами A–G. Запишите свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании есть один лишний заголовок.


1. How It All Began

2. Equal Rights for Comics!

3. European And Asian Varieties

4. No Longer Just for Children

5. Spider-Man Forever!

6. Time of Great Change

7. They Don’t Know What They Are Talking About

8. Birth of a Hero


A. Comic books are an important part of pop culture and loved by many. Just look at how many Hollywood films are based on superhero comics such as Spider- Man, Batman, Superman and others! However, some people mistakenly assume they are only for children or that they are only about superheroes. There are many wrong ideas about comics, and they often come from people who have never even read them.


B. Comics first appeared in the USA in the early 1900's as comic strips in newspapers. They were called 'comics' because they were about comical characters. Later they included adventure and crime stories and other genres, and became serialized. The more popular ones were printed in book format and were called comic books. These were especially common during the Great Depression. But they were often criticized for being 'literature for the illiterate'.


C. Comic books about crime fighters and criminals were in demand in the 1930's. One of them, Detective Comics, had a series about a man who dressed up as a bat to fight criminals. Fans loved him so much that eventually he had his own comic book and became known as Batman. Due to his success, other superheroes were soon invented. Superhero comics continued to grow in popularity and are now what people often associate comics with.


D. In the 1960's comic book writers began to experiment more. Some explored genres and themes not usually used for comics, others experimented with artwork, using more sophisticated styles. In the 70's and 80's these trends intensified and even the format changed. In 1978 Will Eisner wrote A Contract with God, the first full book length comic. Such works were no longer called comic books, but graphic novels.


E. Nowadays there are a great variety of comic books that are radically different from the original comic strips in newspapers. They have also become more acceptable in society: earlier, if you were not a child but were interested in comics, you were looked down upon and could be called a geek or a nerd; now comic books have become largely mainstream. Comic book conventions where fans gather and even dress up as their favorite superheroes are very popular.


F. The USA is not the only country with a history of comic books. France and Japan have their own unique traditions. In France, comics are known as bandes desslnees and in Japan, manga. Each of these has its own style and history of development. The highly stylized Japanese manga characters with big eyes and brightly colored spiky hair have become just as popular around the world as comics in the west.


G. The medium of comics will undoubtedly continue to grow. Over time, the stereotypes that surround them will hopefully change. There is no reason for comics to be any different from other media such as books, films or paintings. Comics, like these other formats, will always produce bestsellers of little artistic merit, but there will also be masterpieces equivalent to great works of art or high literature.






Задание 2 № 2340

Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски A–F частями предложений, обозначенными цифрами 1–7. Одна из частей в списке 1–7 — лишняя. Занесите цифры, обозначающие соответствующие части предложений, в таблицу.



Arizona's world class cruise


Spectacular Canyon Lake is situated in the heart of the Superstition Mountains in Arizona, giving home to the Dolly Steamboat. The Dolly Steamboat, A ______________________, now cruises the secluded inner waterways of this beautiful lake. It is worth exploring this favourite destination of President Theodore Roosevelt who declared, «The Apache Trail and surrounding area combines the grandeur of the Alps, the glory of the Rockies, the magnificence of the Grand Canyon and then adds something В ______________________.» You will marvel as you travel up to the national forest, which provides the most inspiring and beautiful panorama С ______________________. Every trip brings new discoveries of rock formations, geological history, and the flora and fauna distinct to the deserts of Arizona.

Once aboard the Dolly Steamboat, you may view the majestic desert big horn sheep, bald eagles and a host bird of other wildlife, water fowl, D ______________________. Experience the unique sound harmony that is created by the waters of Canyon Lake. Stretch out and relax at one of the tables or stand next to the railings on the deck. There is plenty of leg room on the Dolly. You will get a unique chance to listen to the captain E ______________________.

All the passengers are treated with outstanding service and personal attention to every need. Feel free to ask questions, move about and mingle with the crew. So enjoy an unforgettable vacation cruise and see F ______________________ ,like a ride on Arizona's Dolly Steamboat.


1. that nature has ever created in the wild

2. that none of the others have

3. hovering over the magnificent lake

4. who retells the legends of the mysterious past

5. for yourself why there is nothing quite

6. who pays much attention to children's safety

7. continuing a tradition of cruising since 1925



Часть предложения


Задание 3 № 2278

Paragraph 1 says that people ...


1) tend to ask strange questions about climate change.

2) think that the climate is not changing.

3) doubt that climate change is man-made.

4) believe that in medieval times climate was harsh.



Задание 4 № 2279

According to recent studies of public attitude to climate change, more and more people ...


1) refuse to accept the scientific proof of warming.

2) think that scientists are wrong about climate warming.

3) have stopped trusting climate science.

4) know that there is no clear evidence of climate change.



Задание 5 № 2280

What is meant by «uncomfortable truth» in paragraph 4?


1) World financial crisis.

2) Scientific reports on climate.

3) Evidence of man-made climate change.

4) People's personal beliefs.



Задание 6 № 2281

What does «this» in paragraph 5 refer to?


1) The historical impact of climate change.

2) Negative public attitude to climate change.

3) The way the climate change used to be presented.

4) Scientific evidence of climate change.



Задание 7 № 2282

The author gives the example of cold winters in the UK to point out that...


1) there is evidence that the climate change has stopped finally.

2) people draw conclusions based on their own experience rather than scientific evidence.

3) the weather in Britain has always been unpredictable.

4) the Met Office doesn't make public the evidence it collected.



Задание 8 № 2283

How does the author feel about the evidence of climate change?


1) It's not enough yet.

2) It's irrelevant so far.

3) It's not very convincing.

4) It soon would become conclusive.



Задание 9 № 2284

The author wants climate scientists to continue their work because ...


1) people need to know how to get ready for changes.

2) they have not shared their findings with the public.

3) society demands more research in this field.

4) people don't want to make up their own minds.



Задание 10 № 2157

Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово LOCATE так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.

What country has no rivers?


Hard to believe it, but there is such a country! Libya ____________ in North Africa and borders on the Mediterranean Sea.


Задание 11 № 2158

Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово FIFTEEN так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.


It's the ___________ largest country on Earth. But more than 90 percent of Libya is desert, and there's not a single permanent river in Libya!


Задание 12 № 2159

Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово SMALL так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.


This huge country, more than four times the size of California, has a ____________ population than a number of cities in California.


Задание 13 № 2160

Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово BECOME так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.


Libya ____________ an independent nation in 1951.


Задание 14 № 2161

Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово NAME так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.

A lesson on efficiency


I remember my last year at school very well. There were three boys ____________ William in my class.


Задание 15 № 2162

Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово NOT KNOW так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.


Miss Fisher, one of the teachers, called them all William, and we ____________ which one she was talking to.


Задание 16 № 2163

Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово CHEW так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.


One day, during a lesson on efficiency, she thundered, «William, put that gum you ___________ in the wastepaper bin at once!» All three of them started to rise, paused, then walked to the front of the class to dispose of their gum. The teacher beamed. «Three for one! Now that's efficiency.»


Задание 17 № 2118

Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово BEGIN так, чтобы оно грамматически и лексически соответствовало содержанию текста.


Famous inventions stories


Have you ever wondered how the most famous inventions were created? From the ____________ of time, humans everywhere have been inventing.


Задание 18 № 2119

Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово IMPRESS так, чтобы оно грамматически и лексически соответствовало содержанию текста.


By looking into our past and bringing invention stories to life, we are all reminded that regular people, like you and me, were able to come up with _____________ ideas that ended up having a great impact.


Задание 19 № 2120

Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово EDUCATION так, чтобы оно грамматически и лексически соответствовало содержанию текста.


Knowing the past can help you create the future. If you are looking for invention inspiration, background for an __________ project, or just have a curious mind — read about famous inventions. The stories of great inventions are fascinating.


Задание 20 № 2121

Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово SIMPLE так, чтобы оно грамматически и лексически соответствовало содержанию текста.


Some great inventions were created ____________ by mistake, others by trial and error.


Задание 21 № 2122

Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово INVENT так, чтобы оно грамматически и лексически соответствовало содержанию текста.


Some _____________ of the most well-known products have incredible stories of innovation to tell.


Задание 22 № 2123

Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово CREATE так, чтобы оно грамматически и лексически соответствовало содержанию текста.


Some of them were not aware at the time of their inventions that their ___________ would have a great impact on the world, while others realised immediately that they had a winner.


Задание 23 № 2423

Вставьте пропущенное слово:


1) rose

2) raised

3) started

4) lifted



Задание 24 № 2424

Вставьте пропущенное слово:


1) occasion

2) possibility

3) case

4) chance



Задание 25 № 2425

Вставьте пропущенное слово:


1) above

2) along

3) under

4) behind



Задание 26 № 2426

Вставьте пропущенное слово:


1) managed

2) waited

3) expected

4) made



Задание 27 № 2427

Вставьте пропущенное слово:


1) did

2) took

3) held

4) put



Задание 28 № 2428

Вставьте пропущенное слово:


1) down

2) at

3) in

4) out



Задание 29 № 2429

Вставьте пропущенное слово:


1) routine

2) manner

3) road

4) way



Задание 30 № 2666

You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen-friend Nаncy who writes:


… My older brother worked as a volunteer translator during the Economical Summit in London. Would you like to participate as a volunteer in such sort of events? Is it hard to take part as a volunteer in high level events in Russia? What kind of activities would you like to do and why?

…Last Monday I returned from my trip to Austria…


Write а letter to Nаncy.

In your letter

- аnswer her questions;

- аsk 3 questions аbout her trip.

Решения заданий с развернутым ответом не проверяются автоматически.
На следующей странице вам будет предложено проверить их самостоятельно.
Завершить тестирование, свериться с ответами, увидеть решения.