Вариант № 116

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Задание 1 № 2554

Установите соответствие между заголовками 1–8 и текстами A–G. Запишите свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании есть один лишний заголовок.


1. A step to a wider variety

2. Varieties of theatre

3. Modern problems

4. Theatre and politics

5. Origin of theatre

6. Ladies enter

7. Not the least important

8. Stars for a repertoire


A. Modern Western theatre comes in large measure from ancient Greek drama, from which it takes technical terminology, classification into genres, and many of its themes, stock characters, and plot elements. The Greeks also developed the concepts of dramatic criticism, acting as a career, and theatre architecture. The theatre of ancient Greece consisted of three types of drama: tragedy, comedy, and the satyr play.


B. Western theatre developed and expanded considerably under the Romans. The Roman historian Livy wrote that the Romans first experienced theatre in the 4th century BC. The theatre of ancient Rome was a thriving and diverse art form, ranging from festival performances of street theatre, nude dancing, and acrobatics, to the staging of broadly appealing situation comedies, to the highstyle, verbally elaborate tragedies.


C. Theatre took on many different forms in the West between the 15th and 19th centuries, including commedia dell’arte and melodrama. The general trend was away from the poetic drama of the Greeks and the Renaissance and toward a more naturalistic prose style of dialogue, especially following the Industrial Revolution. Theatre today, broadly defined, includes performances of plays and musicals, ballets, operas and various other forms.


D. The eighteenth century in Britain introduced women to the stage, which would have been extremely inappropriate before. These women were looked at as celebrities but on the other hand, it was still very new and revolutionary that they were on the stage and some said they were unladylike and looked down n. Charles II did not like young men playing the parts of young women, so he asked that women play their own parts.


E. Theatre took a big pause during 1642 and 1660 in England because of Cromwell’s Interregnum. Theatre was seen as something sinful and the Puritans tried very hard to drive it out of their society. Because of this stagnant period, once Charles II came back to the throne in 1660, theatre (among other arts) exploded because of a lot of influence from France, where Charles was in exile the years previous to his reign.


F. Stagecraft is a term referring to the technical aspects of theatrical, film, and video production. It includes constructing scenery, hanging and focusing of lighting, design and procurement of costumes, makeup, props, stage management, and recording and mixing of sound. Considered a technical rather than an artistic field, it is equally crucial for the practical implementation of a designer’s artistic idea.


G. While most modern theatre companies rehearse one piece of theatre at a time, perform that piece for a set “run”, retire the piece, and begin rehearsing a new show, repertory companies rehearse multiple shows at one time. Repertory theatre generally involves a group of similarly accomplished actors, and relies more on the reputation of the group than on an individual star actor.




Задание 2 № 3757

Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски A–F частями предложений, обозначенными цифрами 1–7. Одна из частей в списке 1–7 — лишняя. Занесите цифры, обозначающие соответствующие части предложений, в таблицу.


Whales in a Noisy Ocean


Whales use sound in very different ways. Some whales produce songs that travel over vast distances. They also use echolocation, like bats, A _____________. But other noise in the ocean creates a problem for the whales.

Since 1987, the International Fund for Animal Welfare (IFAW) has sent their research vessel Song of the Whale around the world B _____________. During the travels, the Song of the Whale scientists have developed expertise

C _____________ to listen to and record the sounds that the animals make. Thishelps them to track, identify, and survey

different species.

One of the threats facing whales and other marine animals is noise pollution in the seas, such as noise from drilling, military activities, oil exploration, and coastal construction. This noise can cause great distress to whales and dolphins and can D _____________.

It is feared this noise pollution may cause mass strandings, E _____________. If the Song of the Whale team can

F _____________, then hopefully the nature and location of disturbing noise can be changed.


1. in using underwater microphones

2. to locate food and find their way

3. result in injury and even death

4. track and identify their habitats

5. to filter out food from the water

6. to provide a platform for marine research

7. when large numbers come ashore


Часть предложения


Задание 3 № 2416

Suzie’s mom


1) had had over a thousand allergic reactions to animals throughout her life.

2) was allergic to people as well as animals and other living things.

3) always had an emotional reaction to Suzie's multiple questions about pets.

4) didn’t allow pets because Suzie and her little brother had allergies too.



Задание 4 № 2417

Suzie didn’t like her little brother because


1) her mother dressed him up in funny clothes.

2) she couldn’t play with him.

3) she was tired of babysitting him.

4) he was the reason she couldn’t have pets.



Задание 5 № 2418

Which of the following was NOT the reason why Suzie liked to read Spider-Man comic books?


1) She wanted to make her mom unhappy for not allowing her to have pets.

2) She thought they were a lot better than My Little Pony or Strawberry Shortcake.

3) She found them gloomy, which reflected her own feelings.

4) She enjoyed doing things that her mother did not approve of.



Задание 6 № 2419

According to the advertisement,


1) sea monkeys never cause allergies.

2) sea monkeys live in different seas all around the world.

3) sea monkeys are one of the best birthday presents.

4) sea monkeys can be taught to do certain things.



Задание 7 № 2420

Suzie was disappointed because


1) her sea monkeys looked different from the ones in the advertisement.

2) her mom walked into the room when she was looking at her sea monkeys.

3) her sea monkeys grew a lot more than she expected them to.

4) the sea monkeys couldn't live in the closet and required sunlight.



Задание 8 № 2421

Suzie’s mom said that


1) she used to have sea monkeys.

2) sea monkeys were silly.

3) she was allergic to them too.

4) sea monkeys were too much trouble.



Задание 9 № 2422

Sea monkeys are


1) a tiny variety of monkeys that live underwater.

2) plastic toys that are made in the shape of little monkeys.

3) genetically modified shrimp that can be kept as pets.

4) characters from a video-game where half-human monkeys do tricks.



Задание 10 № 3638

Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово «ONE» так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.


The Renaissance


Around 1350, art, learning, and science started to flourish in some parts of Europe. To many people, this was the beginning of a new golden age.

This period was not the _________ golden age in Europe.


Задание 11 № 3639

Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово HAVE так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.


Greece ________ one 1,900 years before. About 500 years later, Roman civilization had been at its height.


Задание 12 № 3640

Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово EARLY так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.


Because this new golden age was something like _________ Greek and Roman periods, it is called the Renaissance. The word 'renaissance' means 'rebirth.' Many Greek and Roman values were reborn in the Renaissance.


Задание 13 № 3641

Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово WIFE так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.



Windsor Castle


Windsor is a small town not far from London which is about a thousand years old.

It became the setting for The Merry ___________ of Windsor,


Задание 14 № 3642

Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово HE так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.


Shakespeare’s only comedy that takes place in England, when Queen Elizabeth I commanded ______ to write a play for her court.


Задание 15 № 3643

Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово DESTROY так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.


What the town is famous for today is Windsor Castle, the Royal residence. From a plane Windsor Castle with its big round tower looks like a child's dream of a sand castle. Sadly, in 1992 fire ___________ a large part of the castle buildings.


Задание 16 № 3644

Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово WILLING так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.


In 1770, James Cook landed on the east coast of Australia and claimed the land for Great Britain. For many years after that, only a few people came to Australia ___________. It was too far from Europe to attract many outsiders.


Задание 17 № 4614

Образуйте от слова DIFFER однокоренное слово так, чтобы оно грамматически и лексически соответствовало содержанию текста.


Sneaky Snakes

Snakes are very good at hiding. Most snakes can camouflage themselves into their environment. That means they have

___________ colours and patterns on their bodies that allow them to look like things around them. This helps them hide

from their enemies and be sneaky when they are trying to catch something to eat.


Задание 18 № 4615

Образуйте от слова VISIBLE однокоренное слово так, чтобы оно грамматически и лексически соответствовало содержанию текста.


Some green snakes, for example, are practically ___________ among the green leaves and trees.


Задание 19 № 4616

Образуйте от слова ROCK однокоренное слово так, чтобы оно грамматически и лексически соответствовало содержанию текста.


Rattlesnakes live in ___________, dry places. Their patterns of black and brown make them hard to see unless they are moving.


Задание 20 № 4617

Образуйте от слова APPEAR однокоренное слово так, чтобы оно грамматически и лексически соответствовало содержанию текста.


Snakes that live in deserts are usually the same colour as sand, which helps them ___________ quickly in case of danger.


Задание 21 № 4618

Образуйте от слова HARM однокоренное слово так, чтобы оно грамматически и лексически соответствовало содержанию текста.


Also, some snakes that are ___________ can look very similar to poisonous snakes.


Задание 22 № 4619

Образуйте от слова DANGER однокоренное слово так, чтобы оно грамматически и лексически соответствовало содержанию текста.


Their enemies mistake them for ___________ snakes and don’t touch them.


Задание 23 № 3778

Вставьте пропущенное слово:


1) to

2) over

3) from

4) for



Задание 24 № 3779

Вставьте пропущенное слово:


1) although

2) therefore

3) however

4) thus



Задание 25 № 3780

Вставьте пропущенное слово:


1) in turn

2) in appearance

3) in general

4) in conclusion



Задание 26 № 3781

Вставьте пропущенное слово:


1) despite

2) although

3) in spite of

4) even if



Задание 27 № 3782

Вставьте пропущенное слово:


1) discouraged

2) courageous

3) encouraged

4) incorrigible



Задание 28 № 3783

Вставьте пропущенное слово:


1) similar

2) alike

3) same as

4) such as



Задание 29 № 3784

Вставьте пропущенное слово:


1) hold

2) put

3) do

4) keep



Задание 30 № 3785

You havе rеcеivеd a lеttеr from your English-speaking pеn-friеnd Thomas who writes:


… Last summer my family and I went to Hawaii. I’d never seen an active volcano before. We were walking on the still warm lava! I wasamazed by its horror and beauty. What natural phenomenon have you ever been greatly impressed by? When did it happen? What did you feel when you experienced it?

By the way, I’ve just joined a horse-back riding club. I’ve already had three lessons. My horse’s name is Apple…


Write a letter to Thomas.

In your letter

— answer her questions

— ask 3 questions about Thomas’s horse.

Write 100—140 words.

Remember the rules of letter writing.

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