Вариант № 117

При выполнении заданий с кратким ответом впишите в поле для ответа цифру, которая соответствует номеру правильного ответа, или число, слово, последовательность букв (слов) или цифр. Ответ следует записывать без пробелов и каких-либо дополнительных символов.


Если вариант задан учителем, вы можете вписать или загрузить в систему ответы к заданиям с развернутым ответом. Учитель увидит результаты выполнения заданий с кратким ответом и сможет оценить загруженные ответы к заданиям с развернутым ответом. Выставленные учителем баллы отобразятся в вашей статистике.


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1
Задание 1 № 2478

Установите соответствие между заголовками 1–8 и текстами A–G. Запишите свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании есть один лишний заголовок.

 

1. Just Do It!

2. Just What the Doctor Ordered

3. Dangerous Consequences

4. Source of the Problem

5. Take It Easy!

6. Hard to Guess the Meaning

7. The Devil Is Not So Black As He is Painted

8. A Hidden Problem

 

A. You can often find articles and books addressing the problem of procrastination. If you don't know this word, you might think it was a terrible disease. In reality, procrastination can be defined as a bad habit of doing something less important in order to avoid doing something more important. People procrastinate in many different areas, but we will focus on procrastinating at school, where it is a frequent problem.

 

B. Procrastination at school can lead to poor grades, low test scores, and finally not getting into a good university. Another negative result of procrastination is the stress of waiting to the last minute to do something. This can lead to staying up all night to prepare for a test. Also, the constant stress of having something hanging over your head, being scolded and criticized by teachers and parents can lead to feelings of guilt and worthlessness.

 

C. Usually it is very obvious when somebody is procrastinating, for example, playing video games instead of doing homework. Sometimes, however, it can be less obvious. Sharpening your pencils and cleaning your desk may fool some people into thinking you are working hard, but can also be forms of procrastination. Some pupils are even able to fool themselves into thinking they are working, when they are just trying to avoid real work.

 

D. It is not always clear why people procrastinate. Some are just lazy or don't have enough willpower, but there may be other reasons, perfectionism for one. Some people are afraid that they will be judged by others as failures if their work is less than perfect. For example, a pupil may fear the judgment of parents and teachers on a school report. According to psychologists, this fear of failure may be a cause of procrastination.

 

E. Although it is difficult, there are ways to stop procrastinating. One way of doing it is to find out why you are procrastinating and deal with those problems. If you are a perfectionist, try to do the task quickly and not worry about it being perfect. Another solution, especially when the task seems too big, is to break it into smaller steps and do those one by one. This may lessen the desire to procrastinate.

 

F. Still, procrastinating can be a good thing. For those who spend much more time working on a project than is necessary, waiting until the last minute can be a more economical use of time. Also, some people while procrastinating do things that are creative or useful in other ways. Finally, a certain amount of procrastination is part of human nature. Feeling guilty about it can be worse and more damaging than the procrastination itself.

 

G. Procrastination is also a popular subject of laughter in films and TV shows and there are many coffee mugs, cartoons, and notebooks covered with jokes about it. Though many people consider it a serious psychological problem and even view it as a kind of disease, others laugh about it and are even proud to be procrastinators

 

 

 

 

ТекстABCDEFG
Заголовок

Ответ:

2
Задание 2 № 2432

Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски A–F частями предложений, обозначенными цифрами 1–7. Одна из частей в списке 1–7 — лишняя. Занесите цифры, обозначающие соответствующие части предложений, в таблицу.

 

US Congress

 

The Congress of the United States of America is an important part of the US federal government.

It is an assembly of elected representatives A ___________________ but not to select the chief executive of the nation; that individual is elected by the people.

Congress is not a single organization; it is a vast and complex collection of organizations B ___________________ and through which members of Congress form alliances.

C ___________________, in which political parties are the only important

kind of organization, parties are only one of many important units in Congress.

In fact other organizations have grown in number D ___________________.

The Democrats and Republicans in the House and the Senate are organized by party leaders, E __________________ within the House and Senate. The party structure is essentially the same in the House as in the Senate, though the titles of various posts are different.

But leadership carries more power in the House than in the Senate because of the House rules. F ___________________, the House must restrict debate and schedule its business with great care; thus leaders who do the scheduling and who determine how the rules shall be applied usually have substantial influence.

 

1. as party influence has declined

2. against the spirit of the Constitution

3. being so large (435 members)

4. empowered to make laws

5. unlike the British Parliament

6. by which the business of Congress is carried on

7. who in turn are elected by the full party membership

 

ПропускABCDEF
Часть предложения

Ответ:

3
Задание 3 № 2370

The email letter the author sent to Oxford was meant to be …

 

1) desperate.

2) respectful.

3) mocking.

4) regretful.


Показать


Ответ:

4
Задание 4 № 2371

The letter caused so much response because people …

 

1) fully agreed with the message.

2) were outraged with the letter.

3) wanted to defend Oxbridge.

4) found the topic exciting.


Показать


Ответ:

5
Задание 5 № 2372

The author accuses society of cynicism because …

 

1) universities are very selective.

2) people supported Oxbridge.

3) people seem to be more worried about reputations.

4) lawyers do their job for high incomes.


Показать


Ответ:

6
Задание 6 № 2373

Judging by paragraph 7, the authorcomes from a family which is …

 

1) educated.

2) big.

3) aristocratic.

4) not very rich.


Показать


Ответ:

7
Задание 7 № 2374

The author believes that the selection to Oxbridge …

 

1) is hard to understand.

2) is unfair.

3) reveals candidates’ abilities.

4) needs improvement.


Показать


Ответ:

8
Задание 8 № 2375

The expression “chip on your shoulder” in paragraph 9 means …

 

1) feelings of unfair treatment.

2) reflection of one’s potential.

3) below-average performance.

4) record of achievements.


Показать


Ответ:

9
Задание 9 № 2376

“It” in ‘have managed to not take it so seriously’ in the last paragraph refers to …

 

1) Oxbridge rejection.

2) Oxford.

3) university studies.

4) university interview.


Показать


Ответ:

10
Задание 10 № 2203

Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово MOVE так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.

Can fish hear?

 

То divers, the underwater world is silent, and we call the ocean the «silent deep.» But to a fish, the underwater world isn't silent at all. Fish can «hear» other fish ___________ through the water.


Ответ:

11
Задание 11 № 2204

Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово NOT HAVE так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.

 

Fish _________ ears, but they do have a structure inside their head that is very much like our own inner ear.


Ответ:

12
Задание 12 № 2205

Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово MAKE так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.

This structure is sensitive to vibrations in the water, ___________ by other fish.


Ответ:

13
Задание 13 № 2206

Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово SHOW так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.

 

Research ___________ that some fish are sensitive to ordinary sounds, too. Catfish can probably hear everything we hear!


Ответ:

14
Задание 14 № 2207

Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово BUILD так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.

 

The White House

 

The White House, in Washington, DC, is one of the world's most recognized buildings. It is the home of the president of the United States. The original house ___________ in the 1790s.


Ответ:

15
Задание 15 № 2208

Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово LATE так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.

 

It was burnt down in 1814, and rebuilt ___________.


Ответ:

16
Задание 16 № 2209

Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово MAKE так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.

 

Since then, various presidents ____________ changes to it over the years. The White House has 132 rooms, including the President's Oval Office.


Ответ:

17
Задание 17 № 2302

Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово INVENT так, чтобы оно грамматически и лексически соответствовало содержанию текста.

 

Morse Code

 

Before phones, computers, and telegraphs were invented, messages would take months or even years to reach their destination. Samuel Morse was born in Charlestown, Massachusetts, in April 1791, not knowing that he would be a famous ____________.


Ответ:

18
Задание 18 № 2303

Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово DRAW так, чтобы оно грамматически и лексически соответствовало содержанию текста.

 

Since the age of four, Morse had been interested in ___________ and he wanted to become a painter. Mr. and Mrs. Morse were afraid that he couldn't make a living as a painter, so they made him a bookseller. He worked as a bookseller but at night he would paint.


Ответ:

19
Задание 19 № 2304

Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово FINAL так, чтобы оно грамматически и лексически соответствовало содержанию текста.

 

___________, his parents realized how he loved art, so they found the money for Morse to study art in London.


Ответ:

20
Задание 20 № 2305

Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово SUCCESS так, чтобы оно грамматически и лексически соответствовало содержанию текста.

 

After a ___________ artistic career (first painting historical scenes and then portraits), Morse built the first American telegraph around 1835.


Ответ:

21
Задание 21 № 2306

Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово BUSY так, чтобы оно грамматически и лексически соответствовало содержанию текста.

 

Morse patented a working telegraph machine in 1837, with help from his __________ partners, Leonard Gale and Alfred Vail.


Ответ:

22
Задание 22 № 2307

Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово EFFECTIVE так, чтобы оно грамматически и лексически соответствовало содержанию текста.

 

Morse used a dots-and-spaces code for the letters of the alphabet and for numbers. It was later improved to use dashes with dots and spaces. Since then, it has proved its ___________ many times.


Ответ:

23
Задание 23 № 2470

Вставьте пропущенное слово:

 

1) remind

2) commemorate

3) recollect

4) remember


Показать


Ответ:

24
Задание 24 № 2471

Вставьте пропущенное слово:

 

1) took

2) kept

3) held

4) was


Показать


Ответ:

25
Задание 25 № 2472

Вставьте пропущенное слово:

 

1) above

2) along

3) under

4) behind


Показать


Ответ:

26
Задание 26 № 2473

Вставьте пропущенное слово:

 

1) in

2) up

3) out

4) of


Показать


Ответ:

27
Задание 27 № 2474

Вставьте пропущенное слово:

 

1) crew

2) class

3) command

4) staff


Показать


Ответ:

28
Задание 28 № 2475

Вставьте пропущенное слово:

 

1) went

2) reached

3) arrived

4) came


Показать


Ответ:

29
Задание 29 № 2476

Вставьте пропущенное слово:

 

1) for

2) from

3) in

4) on


Показать


Ответ:

30
Задание 30 № 2712

You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen-friend Nancy who writes:

 

… This year we had a school costume party for Halloween. It was a big success. What costume would you fancy wearing to a costume party? What would you rather do: make a costume yourself or buy one, and why? What do you think of costume parties in general?

Our history teacher is taking us to a museum for a field trip next week …

 

Write a letter to Nancy.

In your letter

- answer her questions

- ask 3 questions about the museum.

 

Write 100–140 words.

Remember the rules of letter writing.


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