Вариант № 118

При выполнении заданий с кратким ответом впишите в поле для ответа цифру, которая соответствует номеру правильного ответа, или число, слово, последовательность букв (слов) или цифр. Ответ следует записывать без пробелов и каких-либо дополнительных символов.

Если вариант задан учителем, вы можете вписать или загрузить в систему ответы к заданиям с развернутым ответом. Учитель увидит результаты выполнения заданий с кратким ответом и сможет оценить загруженные ответы к заданиям с развернутым ответом. Выставленные учителем баллы отобразятся в вашей статистике.

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Задание 1 № 3822

Установите соответствие между текстами A–G и заголовками 1–8. Запишите свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании один заголовок лишний.


1. Fun in theory, boring in reality

2. Saving rare animals

3. Deficit of activity problems

4. Ready to help

5. Similar sounds — different emotions

6. Benefits of being outdoors

7. Contrary to popular belief

8. Original style


A. In addition to being highly intelligent, elephants are capable of a remarkable amount of empathy. During a natural disaster, elephants are able to understand that something dangerous is happening. They can understand that a person is in

trouble and that the situation is unsafe. Elephants have good sense of smell and there have been cases when they alerted rescuers to people trapped in a building. Elephants have been observed saving their young from drowning and also been filmed trying to save people they see at risk of drowning.

B. A lot of studies suggest that green spaces enhance mental health and learning capacity, both immediately and over time, by lowering stress levels and restoring attention. Greenery restores attention by drawing the eye and at the same time calms the nervous system, creating an ideal state for learning. Similarly, studies show that spending time in the sunlight can reduce attention deficit symptoms, while bright light first thing in the morning can improve mood and the quality of sleep.

C. Why are hyenas known for laughing? There is even a phrase we use: “to laugh like a hyena”. Zoologists will tell you that the unique sounds they make are actually no laughing matter. Hyenas indeed make loud barking noises that sound like laughter, but it’s not because they’re amused by anything. Instead, a hyena’s “laughter” is actually a form of communication used to convey frustration, excitement, or fear. Most often, you’ll hear this unique vocalization during a hunt or when the animals are feeding on prey as a group.

D. Zoologists believe that boredom isn’t a uniquely human emotion — animals can be bored, too. Animals which live in captivity (in zoos, for example) and don’t have to take care of their survival may experience boredom and try to find

ways to overcome it. They may come up with some “creative” activities which they wouldn’t normally do in their natural environment. As for the pets at home, they may also suffer from the lack of stimulation. That’s why we need to make sure we give them enough time, attention and toys regularly.

E. While most dogs jump eagerly into the water to swim, cats don’t usually do that, and many believe that cats have a phobia of water. But some pet groomers insist that it’s not true and getting a cat to trust you enough to bathe is quite possible, with some patience and skill. Most cats are not afraid of water like so many people may think. They are actually afraid of loud noises and of drowning, rather than water itself. Cats drink water every day, lots of cats even play with water or follow people into the shower.

F. Videogame testers spend most of their time testing the game long before it’s finished and long before it starts to become a fun experience. Even after the game is developed enough to start being fun, the testing tasks often aren’t

entertaining at all. Testers may have to walk their character around a forest, for example, to look for trees that aren’t drawn well. They then record the coordinates so an artist can fix them later. It’s monotonous work and can take days to finish. So if testing video games seems like a fun, easy job to you, think again.

G. Claude Monet’s impressionist paintings were all about nature. In his works he tried to capture nature as it appeared to him at the moment. He also experimented with light and shadow and how they changed during different times of the day. Some artists of the time criticized Monet because his works lacked detail and didn’t resemble finished paintings. Monet used strong colours, which he did not mix. He painted them onto the canvas in short brush strokes. He was also criticized for not using classical painting techniques.




Задание 2 № 3823

Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски A–F частями предложений, обозначенными цифрами 1–7. Одна из частей в списке 1–7 — лишняя. Занесите цифры, обозначающие соответствующие части предложений, в таблицу.


Unique nature of Kamchatka


Kamchatka is a peninsula located in the north-eastern part of Russia. It is surrounded with the Okhotskoye Sea, the Beringovo Sea and the Pacific Ocean. This region has a very unique environment A____________________ one is looking for picturesque views, unforgettable travels and unity with nature.

Kamchatka is famous for its volcanoes, B____________________. Volcanoes are represented on Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, the most eastern city in the northern hemisphere, coat of arms as well. There are more than 300 volcanoes

in Kamchatka, from 28 up to 36 of them are active, or potentially active. Kamchatka volcanoes are included in the list of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

The region is also known C____________________ — rivers and lakes. Many Kamchatka rivers spring from mountain tops and glaciers, that is why they are very clean, and it is wonderful for those D_____________________. In general, there are up to 14 thousand rivers and streams, 100 thousand lakes and 414 glaciers in Kamchatka.

Kamchatka is a home to the Valley of Geysers, E_____________________ geysers in the world, after Icelandic geyser fields. It is not easily accessible, as long as it is too unique to be opened for tourists all the time. The Valley of Geysers’ ecosystem is very vulnerable, F_____________________ and regulate the visiting. In fact, the larger part of Kamchatka is preserved. There are many nature reserves and nature parks in Kamchatka.


1. which are depicted on most souvenirs there

2. so it is necessary to monitor it all the time

3. who love fishing, including Kamchatka bears

4. which has the second largest concentration of

5. to be a place of many water sources

6. to be a popular nature reserve and health resort

7. that makes it a place to visit when


Часть предложения


Задание 3 № 3824

According to the article, disappointing experiences could result in …


1) a broken heart.

2) a deserved success.

3) a lack of confidence.

4) coping with one’s fears.



Задание 4 № 3825

To deal with her failure, Claudia …


1) tried to express her feelings creatively.

2) took art therapy session online.

3) destroyed the rejection letter.

4) applied to Oxford once again.



Задание 5 № 3826

The phrase “touched a chord” in paragraph 3 is close in meaning to …


1) evoked compassion.

2) agitated.

3) was reposted in media.

4) instilled hope.



Задание 6 № 3827

In her own words, Claudia used the letter for a piece of art because she …


1) was overfilled with emotions.

2) believed it was a good idea.

3) wanted to remember the event.

4) thought the letter was funny.



Задание 7 № 3828

Claudia’s work has come to mean that …


1) a university does not define your value.

2) Oxford and Cambridge are not for anyone.

3) when you fail always hope for the best.

4) people should love themselves as they are.



Задание 8 № 3829

Which of the following, according to the article, is NOT the lesson Claudia’s case

can teach us?


1) All happens for the best.

2) Keep your face.

3) Failure is natural.

4) Love and be loved.



Задание 9 № 3830

What is the main idea expressed in the last paragraph?


1) Try to find a solution to any problem.

2) Failure is painful unless you share it with somebody.

3) There are a lot of different kinds of failures.

4) Take every disappointment as a learning experience.



Задание 10 № 3765

Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово «CLIMB» так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.


Mount Everest


Mount Everest is 8,863 meters above sea level. It is part of the Himalayan range in South Asia.

Despite its awesome height, the mountain _________ many times.


Задание 11 № 3766

Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово ONE так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.


Sir Edmund Hillary and his guide, Tenzing Norgay, were the _________ to climb the mountain, reaching the summit on May 29, 1953.


Задание 12 № 3767

Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово WOMAN так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.


Mount Everest attracts well-experienced mountaineers as well as novice climbers, quite a few _________ among them.


Задание 13 № 3768

Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово BE так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.



The Office


Martha works in an office. Her job is to hire new people. The more work the new members of staff carry out, the higher their pay.

Martha wishes her job _________ as highly paid as some of the other employees’.


Задание 14 № 3769

Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово NOT MIND так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.


She _________ having an assistant, either.


Задание 15 № 3770

Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово CAN так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.


An assistant _________ share some of her responsibilities.


Задание 16 № 3771

Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово SHE так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.


But she knows that the load of work is _________ and nobody is going to help her.


Задание 17 № 3772

Образуйте от слова DIGIT однокоренное слово так, чтобы оно грамматически и лексически соответствовало содержанию текста.


Treasure Not Trash


Collage is a well-practiced and popular form of art. It appears in all kinds of media that artists may work in today, including the _________ formats.


Задание 18 № 3773

Образуйте от слова VARY однокоренное слово так, чтобы оно грамматически и лексически соответствовало содержанию текста.


Collage combines colour and texture of _________ items


Задание 19 № 3774

Образуйте от слова RELATED однокоренное слово так, чтобы оно грамматически и лексически соответствовало содержанию текста.


that are often _________ to each other.


Задание 20 № 3775

Образуйте от слова FAVOUR однокоренное слово так, чтобы оно грамматически и лексически соответствовало содержанию текста.


You can make a self-portrait, a picture of a _________ pet, or a scene using collage as the format.


Задание 21 № 3776

Образуйте от слова USE однокоренное слово так, чтобы оно грамматически и лексически соответствовало содержанию текста.


It is good to be kind to the environment, too, and to use things that are recyclable. Things that are deemed _________ trash and scrap make great art


Задание 22 № 3777

Образуйте от слова CREATE однокоренное слово так, чтобы оно грамматически и лексически соответствовало содержанию текста.


for those with a _________ goal in mind!


Задание 23 № 3844

Вставьте пропущенное слово:


1) proposed

2) provided

3) offered

4) suggested



Задание 24 № 3845

Вставьте пропущенное слово:


1) whenever

2) whatever

3) wherever

4) whoever



Задание 25 № 3846

Вставьте пропущенное слово:


1) raised

2) grown

3) brought

4) risen



Задание 26 № 3847

Вставьте пропущенное слово:


1) Otherwise

2) However

3) Although

4) Therefore



Задание 27 № 3848

Вставьте пропущенное слово:


1) remembered

2) reminded

3) reviewed

4) revised



Задание 28 № 3849

Вставьте пропущенное слово:


1) by

2) on

3) at

4) in



Задание 29 № 3850

Вставьте пропущенное слово:


1) talked

2) spoke

3) said

4) told



Задание 30 № 3851

You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen-friend Molly who writes:


… This year we had an unusually hot summer. What’s the weather normally like in

summer in Russia? What do you think about spending summer holidays at home?

What is your favourite season, and why?

I’m reading a very interesting book about England in the 16th century …


Write a letter to Molly.

In your letter

- answer her questions

- ask 3 questions about the book

Write 100—140 words.

Remember the rules of letter writing.

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