Вариант № 119

При выполнении заданий с кратким ответом впишите в поле для ответа цифру, которая соответствует номеру правильного ответа, или число, слово, последовательность букв (слов) или цифр. Ответ следует записывать без пробелов и каких-либо дополнительных символов.


Если вариант задан учителем, вы можете вписать или загрузить в систему ответы к заданиям с развернутым ответом. Учитель увидит результаты выполнения заданий с кратким ответом и сможет оценить загруженные ответы к заданиям с развернутым ответом. Выставленные учителем баллы отобразятся в вашей статистике.


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1
Задание 1 № 3294

Установите соответствие между текстами A–G и заголовками 1–8. Запишите свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании один заголовок лишний.

 

1. Climbing with experienced helpers

2. Dangers from natural disasters

3. Surrounded by sacred woods

4. Impossible to climb in the cold season

5. More than one summit

6. Offering a well-equipped climb

7. Preferred by solo climbers

8. Possible health problems

 

A. Mount Everest is the highest mountain in the world and probably the best known. It is part of the Himalaya range on the Nepal-Tibet border. It attracts experienced mountaineers as well as beginners to complete a successful climb. The route to the summit takes from 10 to 12 hours. The mountain, while not posing substantial technical climbing difficulty on the standard route, still has many dangers, such as altitude sickness, due to the lack of oxygen.

B. K2 is the second highest mountain in the world after Mount Everest. K2 is known as the Savage Mountain due to the difficulty of ascent and has the second highest climber fatality rate among the 8000-meter peaks. This is the reason why K2 has never been climbed in winter. Standing over 3,000 metres above the glacial valley bottoms, it is famous for its relief. K2 is a consistently steep pyramid, dropping in almost all directions.

C. Kangchenjunga is the third highest mountain in the world. It has an enormous mass with numerous satellite peaks along its ridges. The word 'Kangchenjunga' means 'The Five Treasures of Snows', as it contains five peaks, four of them over 8,450 metres. The huge massif of Kangchenjunga is supported by great ridges forming a giant 'X'. These ridges contain majestic peaks between six and eight thousand metres.

D. Lhotse is the fourth highest mountain in the world and is connected to Everest via the South Col. Lhotse has been the scene of many failed attempts and some notable fatalities. Only an expert team of guides and Sherpa can make the ascent possible. Sherpa are local people, who are regarded as elite mountaineers and experts in the Himalayas. They are valuable to explorers because they have a genetic adaptation to living in high altitudes.

E. Manaslu is the eighth highest mountain in the world. Its name means 'Mountain of the Spirit'. Manaslu's long ridges and valley glaciers offer feasible approaches from all directions and culminate in a peak that towers steeply above the surrounding landscape and is visible from a far. Full of untouched forests, the Manaslu Valley is fantastic. Tourists called it the Garden of Eden because of Buddhist prohibitions on hunting.

F. Nanga Parbat, which is the ninth highest mountain in the world, is a truly awesome spectacle. The name means 'Naked Mountain' in Hindi. Known as the 'Killer Mountain', Nanga Parbat was one of the deadliest for climbers. The route was dangerously prone to avalanche and exposed to bad weather. March is the riskiest of all months. Winters transitioning into summers cause numerous avalanches on Nanga Parbat.

G. Shishapangma is one of the easiest eight-thousanders to climb due to its location entirely within Tibet. Organized climbing is cautious and careful, with excellent leadership, ‘walkie-talkie’ radios, satellite telephones, the best oxygen bottles and apparatus available. For trekkers’ comfort, there are also yak caravans carrying heavy things, tasty food, individual tents for each member, and a full kitchen in basecamp.

 

ТекстABCDEFG
Заголовок

Ответ:

2
Задание 2 № 3295

Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски A–F частями предложений, обозначенными цифрами 1–7. Одна из частей в списке 1–7 — лишняя. Занесите цифры, обозначающие соответствующие части предложений, в таблицу.

 

Secrets of Long Life

 

There are places in the world where people live longer than anywhere else. The remote Japanese island of Okinawa is one of these places. While the lifespan in Britain is 77 years for men and 81 for women, Okinawa has a population of about one million, of which 900 are centenarians — A__________________ in Britain or the USA. So what is their secret of long life?

"The calendar may say they're 80, but their body says they're 60," says Bradley Willcox, a scientist researching the extraordinary phenomenon. The research has shown hormonal differences between Okinawans and B__________________ but their longevity has been linked to diet. They eat more tofu and soya than any other people in the world and also enjoy a range of different fruit and vegetables, all rich in anti-oxidants. But the most significant thing isn't what they eat but how much. The Okinawans C__________________ known as 'hara hachi bu', which translates as 'eat until you are only 80 % full'.

Scientists refer to this way of eating as 'caloric restrictions'. No-one knows exactly why it works, but scientists believe it D__________________ that there is the danger of famine. This in turn E__________________ and so may lead to better preservation and slower aging.

"It's a stark contrast with the cultural habits that drive food consumption in F__________________ " says Mr. Willcox. If we look at high streets and supermarkets in most other countries, you will see that he is right. Restaurants offer all-you-can-eat menus and supersize portions. Supermarkets are full of special offers encouraging us to buy more food than we need.

 

1. make it a healthy diet

2. other parts of the world

3. four times higher than the average

4. have a cultural tradition

5. sends a signal to the body

6. the rest of the population

7. makes the body protect itself

 

ПропускABCDEF
Часть предложения

Ответ:

3
Задание 3 № 3235

Ancient Greeks and Romans believed that oracles

 

1) were difficult to understand.

2) put hidden messages into dreams.

3) could tell you what your dreams meant.

4) avoided having dreams about the future.


Показать


Ответ:

4
Задание 4 № 3236

The 20th century psychologists thought that dreams

 

1) could predict the future.

2) contained meaningless symbols.

3) could be interpreted by anyone.

4) reflected a person's inner feelings.


Показать


Ответ:

5
Задание 5 № 3237

Modern science tells us that dreams

 

1) have their own special logic.

2) don't have any important meaning.

3) don't allow the brain to rest at night.

4) activate a person's abstract thinking.


Показать


Ответ:

6
Задание 6 № 3238

People who say that they never have any dreams,

 

1) simply don't remember them.

2) have problems with their eyes.

3) do not get enough sleep.

4) are similar to dolphins.


Показать


Ответ:

7
Задание 7 № 3239

According to the article, animals

 

1) have dreams more often than humans.

2) have the same stages of sleep as humans.

3) like opossums have a longer deep sleep stage.

4) differ in the amount of dreams they experience.


Показать


Ответ:

8
Задание 8 № 3240

Lucid dreaming happens

 

1) when a person is at the "deep sleep" stage.

2) during the "Rapid Eye Movement" stage.

3) when a person is not completely asleep.

4) when a person is having a nightmare.


Показать


Ответ:

9
Задание 9 № 3241

People who have lucid dreams like them because lucid dreaming

 

1) enables you to get well rested from sleeping.

2) allows you to have a good time.

3) turns off the part of the brain responsible for logic.

4) can be used for therapeutic purposes.


Показать


Ответ:

10
Задание 10 № 3193

Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово «MEAN» так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.

 

The name of Alaska

Do you know the origin of the place name Alaska? The name Alaska comes from the Aleut word alaxsxaq, __________________ “object toward which the action of the sea is directed” – that is, the mainland.


Ответ:

11
Задание 11 № 3194

Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово FORM так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.

 

It is also known as Alyeska, the “great land”, an Aleut word __________________ from the same root.


Ответ:

12
Задание 12 № 3195

Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово CONSIDER так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.

 

Its nicknames are the Land of the Midnight Sun and America’s Last Frontier. Its first nicknames were “Seward’s folly” and

“Seward’s icebox” to laugh at the secretary of state who negotiated the purchase of Alaska from Russia, which __________________ foolish at the time.


Ответ:

13
Задание 13 № 3196

Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово LOCATE так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.

 

A landmark for the new millennium

Have you seen the photos of the London Eye? The London Eye is a giant observation wheel __________________ in the Jubilee Gardens on the South Bank of the river Thames.


Ответ:

14
Задание 14 № 3197

Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово DESIGN так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.

 

The structure __________________ by the architectural team of David Marks and Julia Barfield, husband and wife.


Ответ:

15
Задание 15 № 3198

Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово WIN так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.

 

They submitted their idea for a large observation wheel as part of a competition to design a landmark for the new millennium. None of the entrants __________________the competition.


Ответ:

16
Задание 16 № 3199

Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово THEY так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.

 

However, the couple pressed on and eventually got the backing of British Airways, who sponsored __________________ project.


Ответ:

17
Задание 17 № 3249

Образуйте от слова MASS однокоренное слово так, чтобы оно грамматически и лексически соответствовало содержанию текста.

 

City Living

 

Humans have lived together in cities since ancient times, but even in 1800 urban areas were home to just 3 per cent of the world’s population.

The __________________ explosion of urbanization that accompanied the Industrial Revolution saw that figure rise 15 per cent in the space of 100 years.


Ответ:

18
Задание 18 № 3250

Образуйте от слова BELIEVE однокоренное слово так, чтобы оно грамматически и лексически соответствовало содержанию текста.

 

The cause of the _______________ growth of cities from the 19th century onwards is the ascendancy of industry over agriculture.


Ответ:

19
Задание 19 № 3251

Образуйте от слова EMPLOY однокоренное слово так, чтобы оно грамматически и лексически соответствовало содержанию текста.

 

The mechanization of agriculture and the abolition of serfdom in Europe left an excess of labour in rural areas, and that labour force flooded into the cities when the Industrial Revolution provided a new form of __________________ in the shape of factories and workshops.


Ответ:

20
Задание 20 № 3252

Образуйте от слова MAJOR однокоренное слово так, чтобы оно грамматически и лексически соответствовало содержанию текста.

 

By 1900, nine European cities had more than a million inhabitants: London, Paris, Berlin, Vienna, St Petersburg, Manchester, Birmingham, Moscow and Glasgow. However, the __________________ of people – even in industrialized nations – still lived in the country.


Ответ:

21
Задание 21 № 3253

Образуйте от слова MISERY однокоренное слово так, чтобы оно грамматически и лексически соответствовало содержанию текста.

 

For many people life in cities was often _________________.


Ответ:

22
Задание 22 № 3254

Образуйте от слова RELATIVE однокоренное слово так, чтобы оно грамматически и лексически соответствовало содержанию текста.

 

Food supply and sanitation were often so bad that the high mortality rate kept city growth __________________ slow.


Ответ:

23
Задание 23 № 3360

Вставьте пропущенное слово:

 

1) spoke

2) said

3) talked

4) told


Показать


Ответ:

24
Задание 24 № 3361

Вставьте пропущенное слово:

 

1) out

2) back

3) off

4) down


Показать


Ответ:

25
Задание 25 № 3362

Вставьте пропущенное слово:

 

1) equal

2) near

3) similar

4) alike


Показать


Ответ:

26
Задание 26 № 3363

Вставьте пропущенное слово:

 

1) hold

2) take

3) keep

4) make


Показать


Ответ:

27
Задание 27 № 3364

Вставьте пропущенное слово:

 

1) attached

2) influenced

3) related

4) impressed


Показать


Ответ:

28
Задание 28 № 3365

Вставьте пропущенное слово:

 

1) enjoyed

2) preferred

3) amused

4) pleased


Показать


Ответ:

29
Задание 29 № 3366

Вставьте пропущенное слово:

 

1) against

2) towards

3) besides

4) within


Показать


Ответ:

30
Задание 30 № 3423

You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen-friend Molly who writes:

 

I looked after my little sister. Do you think babysitting is a hard work? Do you agree to look after kids when parents ask you to do it? Would you like to be a single child in the family? Why?

Moreover, I'm going to visit New York with my cousin soon and stay there for a week.

 

Write a letter to Molly.

In your letter

- answer her questions

- ask 3 questions about her visit to New York.

 

Write 100–140 words.

Remember the rules of letter writing.


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